In this talk His Holiness turns to one of his favorite themes: the importance of compassion. Far from being a uniquely Buddhist concern, the Dalai Lama explains why caring for others can be the basis for a rich and rewarding life for all people. Whether one is a Buddhist or not, whether one is religious or not, a concern for the welfare of others is just good common sense. Compassion changes egotism into empathy, and transforms fear into freedom. It is the basis for both personal and communal peace. Series: Voices [9/2009] [Humanities] [Show ID: 17091]
His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama: Ethics for Our Time
illiam James Sidis (April 1, 1898–July 17, 1944) was a talented mathematician and child prodigy in the United States of America in the early 20th century. He was famous at first for his precociousness, and later for his eccentricity and withdrawal from both the public eye and mathematics. He avoided mathematics entirely in later life, producing works on other subjects under pseudonyms, and today is largely unknown. Sidis’s parents believed in nurturing a precocious and fearless love of knowledge, as opposed to disciplinary punishment, an unusual idea in the early 20th century, for which they received much criticism. For the price Sidis had to pay for being a supreme intellect was that he was incapable of friendship, love, fatherhood, and many other desirable things. As a man he was a failure; as a monster he was superb….
idis could read at 18 months (hyperlexia), taught himself Latin at 2, Greek at 3, had written a treatise on anatomy at 4, wrote four books and knew eight languages (English, Latin, Greek, Russian, Hebrew, French, German and Vendergood, his own invention) by age 8. At age 11, he entered Harvard University as part of a program to enroll gifted students early (the university had previously refused to let him apply at age eight), and gave a lecture on four dimensional bodies to an auditorium of mathematicians which was well-received. After this lecture, MIT professor Daniel Comstock was quoted as saying that Sidis would become the foremost mathematician of the 20th century. His IQ was estimated at between 250 and 300 by psychometrician Abraham Sterling. He was the youngest and most prominent of the remarkable group of prodigies who studied at Harvard in 1909, which included Norbert Wiener, the father of cybernetics, Richard Buckminster Fuller and composer Roger Sessions.
n intelligence quotient or IQ is a score derived from a set of standardized tests developed to measure a person’s cognitive abilities (“intelligence”) in relation to their age group. An IQ test does not measure intelligence the way a ruler measures height (absolutely), but rather the way a race measures speed (relatively). For people living in the prevailing conditions of the developed world, IQ is highly heritable, and by adulthood the influence of family environment on IQ is undetectable. IQ test scores are correlated with measures of brain structure and function, as well as performance on simple tasks that anyone can complete within a few seconds. IQ is correlated with academic success; it can also predict important life outcomes such as job performance, socioeconomic advancement, and “social pathologies”. Recent work has demonstrated links between IQ and health, longevity, and functional literacy.
normal intelligence quotient (IQ) ranges from 85 to 115 (According to the Stanford-Binet scale). Only approximately 1% of the people in the world have an IQ of 135 or over. In 1926, psychologist Dr. Catherine Morris Cox – who had been assisted by Dr. Lewis M. Terman, Dr. Florence L. Goodenaugh, and Dr. Kate Gordon – published a study “of the most eminent men and women” who had lived between 1450 and 1850 to estimate what their IQs might have been. The resultant IQs were based largely on the degree sof brightness and intelligence each subject showed before attaining the age of 17. Taken from a revised and completed version of this study, the table below shows the projected IQs of some of the best scorers. From: V. Buj, Personal & Individual Differences., Vol. 2, p. 168 – 169.
Read his open letter …