Mt. Bromo volcano in East Java, Indonesia is the active cone inside the giant Tengger caldera, one of Indonesia’s most scenic locations destination in East Java, famous for its magnificient sunrise views and the panorama over the caldera with Semeru volcano in the background. Located some 4 hours drive from Surabaya, the capital of East Java, Mount Bromo is a part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park that covers a massive area of 800 square km. While it may be small when measured against other volcanoes in Indonesia, the magnificent Mt Bromo will not disappoint with its spectacular views and dramatic landscapes.

Mount Bromo - Java - Indonesia

Mount Bromo – Java – Indonesia
The eerie landscape has spurned countless legends and myths. Mt Bromo has particular significance for the Tengger people who believe that this was the site where a brave prince sacrificed his life for his family. The people here appease the Gods once a year during the annual Kasada festival where offerings of vegetables, chickens and money are thrown into the crater of the volcano.

Mount Bromo - Java - Indonesia

The 16-km-wide Tengger caldera is located at the northern end of a volcanic massif extending from Semeru volcano. The massive Tengger volcanic complex dates back to about 820,000 years ago and consists of five overlapping stratovolcanoes, each truncated by a caldera. Lava domes, pyroclastic cones, and a maar occupy the flanks of the massif. The Ngadisari caldera at the NE end of the complex formed about 150,000 years ago and is now drained through the Sapikerep Valley. The most recent of the Tengger calderas is the 9 x 10 km wide Sandsea Caldera at the SW end of the complex, which formed incrementally during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. An overlapping cluster of post-caldera cones was constructed on the floor of the Sandsea Caldera within the last several thousand years. The youngest of these is Bromo, one of Java’s most active and most frequently visited volcanoes.

View gallery from The Bromo Vulcano on Java – Indonesia


Images an videos are Copyright to:
© 1999 – 2018 Mazalien

Victoria Falls known as the “Smoke that thunders” in the local Tonga language, is the largest single curtain of falling water in the world and 70% of the exquisite views are seen from the Zimbabwe rain forest. The rain forest which has constant rain 24/7 from the never ending spray of the Falls, has unique ecosystem. It is a botanists dream and bird lovers’ paradise. There are species here that don’t occur anywhere else, and our recommendation is to look just a little beyond the pathway and the numerous viewpoints. One of the beauties is that the area has not become over commercialized. In fact, once you are standing by the Falls your view will not be much different to that of David Livingstone’s who first saw the Falls in 1855.Walking within the Falls is a couple of kilometres and it does get very hot.

Victoria falls - Zimbabwe
Victoria falls – Zimbabwe

In 2003 we had the privilege to visit the Falls with a helicopter. The beautiful Victoria Falls is located within the Victoria Falls National Park (on the Zimbabwe side), and the Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park (on the Zambia side), which means that for you to see the entire length of this the largest waterfall in the world, you will need to enter via two gates in two different countries. However, people will generally choose one Victoria Falls entrance based on which country they are staying, and/or the time of the year they are visiting (visit our Victoria Falls Weather page to read about the seasonal changes). Choosing which country to stay in is an important decision for various reasons, please read our Zimbabwe vs Zambia page to read about the pro’s and cons of each side, but at this point it is worth mentioning that 75% of the Falls are viewable from Zimbabwe and 25% from Zambia. The two entrance gates are close to both border posts, with the Victoria Falls Bridge connecting them. Apart from these two entrances the only other way to see the Falls is from Livingstone island, from the air, from below either rafting or a boiling pot hike or a small section from the bridge. Watch the video we made:



Images an videos are Copyright to:
© 1999 – 2018 Mazalien

View Gallery Victoria Falls – Zimbabwe






Images an videos are Copyright to:
© 1999 – 2018 Mazalien