Salar de Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat. It is located in the Departmento of Potosí in southwest Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes, 3650 meters high. Some 40,000 years ago, the area was part of Lago Minchin, a giant prehistoric lake. When the lake dried, it left behind two modern lakes, Lagos Poopó and Uru Uru, and two major salt deserts, Coipasa and the larger Uyuni.
The Salar de Uyuni is a truly unforgettable sight, and a landscape quite unlike anything you’ll have seen anywhere else in the world! The Salar de Uyuni is a dazzling dry lake of over 12,000 sq. kms, made of blinding white interlocking salt crystals. It is the world’s largest salt pan, and is a bright white expanse that stretches as far as the eye can see – when there’s a little bit of water on the flats, it reflects the bright blue sky of the altiplano perfectly, acting like a mirror and making the horizon disappear!
The Okavango Delta is one of the world’s largest inland water systems. It’s headwaters start in Angola’s western highlands, with numerous tributaries joining to form the Cubango river, which then flows through Namibia (called the Kavango) and finally enters Botswana, where it is then called the Okavango. Millions of years ago the Okavango river use to flow into a large inland lake called Lake Makgadikgadi (now Makgadikgadi Pans). Tectonic activity and faulting interrupted the flow of the river causing it to backup and form what is now the Okavango delta.
During the Okavanga tour with the speadboat in 2003 the guide had a awesome trick with some fish as bate and with some Fish Eagles flying around. An African Fish eagle is a well known bird with its white head and mantle, plus chesnut-browwn underparts. This eagle can be identified as such by their fully featherd legs. The Fish Eagle has a very distinctive call which is one of the distinctive sounds of Kenya (once heard it is never forgotten). It is particularly common in and around some of the Rift Valley lakes. Although, as its name suggests, it feeds extensively on fish, in some areas (eg Lake Bogoria) it preys on flamingos and other water birds. It is also known to eat carrion and is classified as a kleptoparasite ie it steals prey from other birds. Goliath Herons are known to lose a percentage of their catch to Fish Eagles. The totally different looking bird on the left is the juvenile Fish Eagle. The appearance changes gradually over three or four years with the dark streaking on the breast being the last part of the juvenile plumage to vanish. Play the video with the trick with the American Fish Eagle in the Okavango Delta in Botswana –>
Botswana, where all this beauty is situated, is a landlocked country in southern Africa. Before gaining independence from Britain in 1966, it was known as Bechuanaland. The country’s name comes from its largest ethnic group, the Tswana. A large majority of the population lives in the eastern part of the country, near the only railroad and the border with South Africa. Botswana’s diamond mines and other mineral deposits have made it one of the wealthiest African countries. The country has maintained an impressive rate of economic growth since independence. Most of the country is quite dry and unsuited for agriculture. The Kalahari Desert covers much of central and southwestern Botswana. The country is noted for its many animal reserves.
Watch a Travel video about destination Okavango Delta in Africa. Although Africa possesses several remarkable natural habitats the vast region of the Okavango Delta is truly unique as, covering fifteen thousand square kilometres, it is the largest land-based delta in the world. The abundance of water within the delta belies the fact that it extends into the middle of the scorching Kalahari Desert where the water masses of the Okavango River have created a huge maze of grass-covered rivers and ponds. It is particularly during the dry season that huge elephant herds are attracted by the waters of the Okavango and the number of giraffes also seems to increase at this time. For as long as the waters of the Okavango River continue to wend their way into the desert, the paradisiacal oasis of the delta will continue to be one of the most captivating natural wonders of the world: